Contoh Soal TOEFL Reading Comprehension

Soal TOEFL Reading Comprehension

Soal TOEFL Reading Comprehension – Umumnya tes TOEFL (Test English as a Foreign Language) mempunyai 3 jenis, seperti listening, reading dan writing. Hal tersebut diujikan untuk mengetahui seberapa besar kemampuan berbahasa inggirs dari seorang peserta tersebut.

Pada artikel sebelumnya kita sudah membahas mengenai soal listening pada TOEFL. Selanjutnya pada pembahasan kali ini kita akan mencoba untuk menjawab sebuah soal dari reading TOEFL. Untuk lebih lengkapnya silahkan simak pembahasan berikut.

Soal TOEFL Reading Comprehension

Soal TOEFL jenis ini merupakan sebuah cerita berupa gambaran dari suatu kejadian yang harus disimak dengan cermat supaya dapat menjawabnya. Supaya kamu mendapat gambaran mengenai contoh soal dari tes reading TOEFL, maka dapat melihatnya dibawah ini.

The Alaska pipeline starts at the frozen edge of the Arctic Ocean. It stretches southward across the largest and northernmost state in the United States ending at a remote ice-free seaport village nearly 800 miles from where it begins. It is massive in size and extremely complicated to operate. (line 5)

The steel pipe crosses windswept plains and endless miles of delicate tundra that tops the frozen ground. It weaves through crooked canyons, climbs sheer mountains, plunges over rocky crags, makes its way through thick forests, and passes over or under hundreds of rivers and streams. The pipe is 4 feet in diameter, and up to 2 million barrels (or 84 million gallons) of crude oil can be pumped through it daily.

Resting on H-shaped steel racks called “bents”, long section of the pipeline follow a zigzag course high above the frozen earth. Other long sections drop out of sight beneath spongy or rocky ground and return to the surface later on. (line 15)

The pattern of the pipeline’s up-and-down route is determined by the often harsh demands of the arctic and subarctic climate, the tortuous lay of the land, and the varied compositions of soil, rock, or permafrost (permanently frozen ground). (Line 23)

A little more than half of the pipeline is elevated above the ground. The remainder is buried anywhere from 3 to 12 feet, depending largely upon the type of terrain and the properties of the soil.

One of the largest in the world, the pipeline cost approximately $8 billion and is by far the biggest and most expensive construction project ever undertaken by private industry. In fact, no single business could raise that much money, so 8 major oil companies formed a consortium in order to share the costs. (line 31)

Each company controlled oil rights to particular shares of land in the oil fields and paid into the pipeline-construction fund according to the size of its holdings. (line 35)

 Today, despite enormous problems of climate, supply shortages, equipment breakdowns, labor disagreements, treacherous terrain, a certain amount of mismanagement, and even theft, the Alaska pipeline has been completed and is operating.

Tips Menjawab Soal TOEFL Reading Comprehension

Setelah membaca contoh soal diatas, maka untuk mengetes kemampuan kita Mangtoy akan memberikan beberapa soal berdasarkan cerita tersebut dan tips untuk menjawabnya.
  1. The passage primarily discusses the pipeline’s…?
Answer: (D.) ConstructionAlasannya karena cerita diatas itu mempunyai tema kontruksi untuk jalur pipa di Alaska.

  1. The word “it” in line 5 refers to?
Answer: (A.) Pipeline, Alasannya karena kalimat di line 5 “it massive in size and extremely complicated to operate” itu masih membahas mengenai jalur pipa.

  1. According to the passage, 84 million gallons of oil can travel through the pipeline each…?
Answer: (A.) Day, Penjelan untuk menjawab soal ini terletak pada kalimat “ad up to 2 million barrels (or 84 million gallons) of crude oil can be pumped through it daily” sehingga jawaban yang tepat adalah Day (hari).

  1. The phrase “resting on” in the third paragraph in line 15 closest in meaning to?
Answer: (B.) Supported ByAlasannya karena pada baris ke 15 mempunyai arti bahwa bagian pipa panjang tersebut disangga oleh rak baja yang berbentuk seperti huruf H.

  1. The author mentions all of the following as important in determining the pipeline’s route EXCEPT the
Answer: (C.) Local Vegetation, pada cerita diatas tidak ada diceritakan adanya local vegetation melainkan terdapat sebuah cerita mengenai jalur pipa, seperti climate, lay of the land itself dan kind of soil and rock.

  1. The The word “undertaken” in line 31 is closest in meaning to?
Answer: (D.) Attemptedpenjelasannya ada pada kalimat dibari 31 yang mempunyai arti bahwa proyek konstruksi tersebut sangat mahal dan terbesar dari yang pernah dikerjakan sehingga Attempted merupakan jawaban yang paling tepat.

  1. How many companies shared the costs of construction the pipeline?
Answer: (C.) Eight, Penjelasannya terdapat pada paragraph ke 5 yaitu “so 8 major oil companies formed a consortium in order to share the costs”.

  1. The word “particular” in line 35 is closest in meaning to..
Answer: (B.) Spesificdalam baris 35 terdapat kata particular dan menjelaskan bahwa ada hak yang spesifik terkait minyak tersebut.

  1. Which of the following determined what percentage of the construction cost each member of the consortium would pay?
Answer: (A.) How much oil field land each company ownedpada baris ke 35 disebutkan bahwa konstruksi jalur pipa tersebut mengacu kepada ukuran lahannya.

  1. The Where in the passage does the author provide a term an earth covering that always remains frozen?
Answer: (C.) Line 23Pada baris ke 23 cerita ini menjelaskan mengenai permafrost sehingga dapat menjawab pertanyaan ini.

Akhir Kata

Demikianlah pembahasan mengenai contoh soal TOEFL Reading Comprehension. Sekarang kamu dapat belajar dahulu sebelum mengiktui tes TOEFL tersebut.

Semoga informasi ini dapat bermanfaat ya. Terimakasih.